Effective community participation strategies management essay

She described a ladder of eight rungs of citizen involvement, of which only three actually entail real participation. The first two rungs, which Arnstein calls manipulation and therapy, are actually non-participatory. On the next three rungs, policymakers exercise what Arnstein refers to as various levels of tokenism:

Effective community participation strategies management essay

Classroom management The strategy of management adopted to positively manage a classroom is recognized as a precondition for effectiveness in teaching Shimahara a.

However, certain factors such as classroom management, discipline and student behaviour have often been implicated as part of the problems in the management of classrooms.

This assertion according to Everston and Weinston has been found to be true especially for new teachers who have given managing classroom as their highest priority.

Effective community participation strategies management essay

While it is expected that teachers would be concerned about their relationship with their students and issues of discipline, other concerns such as workload cannot be ruled out as it could lead to job dissatisfaction Lewis, Romi, Qui and Katz In recent times, schools have experienced these behavioural challenges from their students within the learning environment and with a lack of strategic intervention, effectively managing a classroom for good quality learning will pose a huge problem.

The research study will take into account the national curriculum for Key stage 4 mathematics programmes of study and the key expectations of student. It will also look at the paucity of studies on classroom management approaches to KS 4 Mathematics with a view to ascertaining a more robust approach to managing classroom.

Classroom management refers to the strategies, skills and techniques that teachers use to keep students organized, orderly, focused, attentive, quiet on the task and also academically productive during a class.

In other words, these strategies, when adopted and applied professionally help teachers to create and maintain an effective learning environment that could facilitate both academic and social emotional learning.

However, a more elaborate definition is put forward by Garrett, On the other hand, classroom management could be described as the process of governing a classroom through which procedures, rules and policies are set in place.

Classroom management is often viewed as a continuous process that requires adequate patience and effective planning and as stated by Larrivee To make the classroom setting or learning environment more effective, teachers are expected to use classroom management approaches to reduce or eliminate classroom For teachers to have effective teaching, unforeseen challenges from the students must be controlled.

Controls of students in this case are the set rule by the school such as policies, assessment methods and active curriculum. Classroom management has been described as an attribute to discipline negative behaviour within the classroom.

Various studies have been carried out by the researchers on classroom management, yet When classroom management approaches are effectively executed, teachers minimise the behaviours that could hinder learning for both individual students and groups of students while maximising the behaviours that facilitate or enhance learning.

Classroom management studies highlighted additional methods which could be of benefit to students in urban schools and as previous research studies on classroom management have suggested, urban secondary schools are faced with an increase in disruptive student behaviours, which suggests that effective classroom management is needed urgently with regards to high poverty areas Matus, It is also well known that classroom management problems are of greater challenge for urban schools in high poverty areas.

Effective community participation strategies management essay

This assertion is underpinned by the observation of Weiner Further research investigation was carried out by Weinerto identify the reason why classroom management in urban schools have learning issues and that the school environment undercuts the social norm required for high academic functioning in urban classrooms.

From the perspective of the teachers, the reason for the problem was as a result of large numbers of students in the classroom, the impact on economic and social problems of students on pursuing their school work and lastly, the negative and lack of ability from parents to bring up their children due to large numbers of families.

Walker and Shea suggested that it is important to have a wide range of techniques when dealing with student behaviour as no single intervention is effective with all children, or in all situations.

However, a lack of adequate classroom teaching experience has been implicated as part of the management problem Nolan The core of the argument is that most classroom management problems, particularly those that are behaviour oriented problems normally begin in the classroom.

These problems are often viewed as problems that all teachers encounter in their everyday classroom experience, yet research has been found to be inadequate in this area of classroom management. A disorderly classroom indicates ineffective classroom management.

For teachers to succeed in their planned objectives, teachers need to plan how to maintain effective classroom environment in KS 4 Mathematics. Teachers need to develop strategies that will ensure order and progress in their lessons Jones, In other words, teachers need to plan and decide how to deal with behaviour that is inappropriate in KS 4 Mathematics.

Kerr and Nelson The decision on what to do depends on how strategic the teacher is in the implementation of the decision to make teaching and learning successful. It is important that variety of strategies that the teacher adopts constitute a plan towards the achievement of educational objectives.

The implication of the statement is that teachers use certain strategies that must be based on informed decisions to ensure progress and involvement of students in the teaching and learning process.

In support of this notion, Arends Discipline is one of the most effective approaches which teachers use to manage classroom through the uses of rules and regulation. It enables the teachers to have a method of teaching and enforcing acceptable patterns and behaviour under a controlled orderly state in difficult or stressful environment like a classroom but the consequences are clearly visible to all students.

Once the students become aware of the consequences for breaking classroom rules, then the students are more likely to behave well and pay attention during the lesson in KS 4 Mathematics classroom.View this essay on Advantages and Disadvantages of Community Participation Engagement.

Perhaps the best way to initiate a simplification of a very complex process Essay Advantages and Disadvantages of Community Participation and 90,+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers. in the CI/HUMINT Community . Effective community engagement is about recognising that involving the public in a project is no longer about information dissemination and telling the people what is being done, but is .

The course content is divided into a four-part model consisting of self-assessment, cognitive theories, self-regulation and strategies, and self-change. Each part overlaps the other to form a strong framework to foster your understanding of the learning process and to help you maximize your learning potential.

Free Law Enforcement Strategies Essay Sample. The implementation of the program will result in the extension of police boundaries to include community participation and input, and sharing the commitment towards the decentralization of policing structure.

If the terrorist attack is inevitable, the public must be assured of effective. Community participation, community development and non-formal education. In this piece Marjorie Mayo explores competing perspectives based upon different theoretical approaches to social change, and to combating poverty and disadvantage.

The research for Promising Strategies to Reduce Substance Abuse was conducted by Drug Strategies, a nonprofit research institute based in Washington, D.C.

Drug Strate-gies’ mission is to promote more effective approaches to the nation’s drug problems.

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