These traditions remind us of our rich and great history.
What an ominous minute is that in which society draws back and consummates the irreparable abandonment of a sentient being! Jean Valjean was condemned to five years in the galleys. It has been adapted to the small and big screen numerous times, and was made into a very well-known musical play that has run for nearly thirty years.
As usual for one of Hugo's sprawling epics, it consists of the interweaving stories of many different characters, but the story that holds it all together opens with a recently paroled man named Jean Valjean arriving on foot in Digne, France, come from the shore-prison at Toulon where he's spent the past nineteen years.
He was a desperately poor peasant from Brie who constantly worked — constantly, no matter how hard the labor or menial the task — to support his sister and her seven children. One especially bad winter, as the eighteenth century was drawing to a close, when he was 26, Valjean could not find work and, in an act of real need as much for his family as himself, he broke into a bakery and stole a loaf of bread.
For that, he was condemned to five years hard labor in a brutal, dehumanizing penal system that was par for the course at the time. Before his imprisonment, he was kind, of an even personality, and, in his own words, dull like a block of wood.
Nineteen years in the galleys — nineteen instead of five, for all of his escape attempts — changed him completely, making him bitter, harsh, and incapable of relating to other human beings as friendly agents.
The system at the time made it virtually impossible to be re-integrated into society; the only real way out was death, and the provisions of the law facilitated that: However, it was impossible for convicts to make an honest livingbecause no one would give them work.
It was a dreadful double bind. This is the situation Valjean finds himself in when he is finally released. He is set on the fastlane to being sent back again when a meeting with an unconditionally kind man, who happens to be a bishop, changes him forever, for a second time, just as profoundly as his experiences in the bagne changed him.
And that's just the beginning. He breaks his parole and commits a minor theft out of habit, beginning the book-long chase with Inspector Javert as the pursuer. Over the course of the book, with the inspector always right behind him, Valjean becomes mayor of a small seaside town due to the penchant for altruism he developed after his redemption; makes a fortune from his own ingenuity and innovation; does many philanthropic works, among them caring for a dying woman, one of his factory workers, and promising her to ensure the well-being of her daughter Cosette; reveals his identity in court to prevent the wrongful incarceration of another man who was mistaken for him; is captured and sent to the galleys, but escapes to keep his promise; adopts the waifish Cosette, and moves from town to town with his final stop as Paris, where he puts forth every effort he can to make sure that Cosette has the happiness he could not and, one might argue, achieves a transcendental niceness that might save everyone he meets, including this annoying lad who seems to be developing an interest in Cosette and who has his own history.
But that niceness may be put to a different test entirely, because byas Cosette comes of age, a great many other people in France have had just about enough of the very same system that so traumatized Valjean all those years ago, and the crusade of change may be about to sweep over all our dramatis personae The book provides examples of: Cut versions always leave the revolution subplot in the dust.
Fantine's story is castrated, and all character development not centered on Valjean and Javert is pretty much obliterated. Hugo's tableau of France invariably turns into a good and evil story Valjean and Javert with a romance subplot Marius and Cosette thrown in.
First, when he accidentally saves Georges Pontmercy's life, and then again, in his attempt to blackmail Marius. He's so shy that he can't muster up the courage to even speak to a pretty girl.
Bishop Myriel's position comes with a large salary and a palatial official residence. He allows the local hospital to occupy the palace while he lives in a small adjoining building, and donates nearly all his salary to charity.
The only touch of luxury he permits himself is his silverware, which he values for its sentimental associations more than its monetary value. The narrator states that each person's soul corresponds to a particular animal. The peasants of Asturias are convinced that in every litter of wolves there is one dog, which is killed by the mother because, otherwise, as he grew up, he would devour the other little ones.
Give to this dog-son of a wolf a human face, and the result will be Javert. He's frequently nasty but he desperately believes that utter inflexibility is the only way to maintain order.
Javert's struggle with himself toward the end of the book: All sorts of interrogation points flashed before his eyes. He put questions to himself, and made replies to himself, and his replies frightened him.
And I in showing mercy upon him in my turn—what have I done? So there is something beyond duty? Hugo even mentions that once kids like Gavroche grow up, the world beats them down, but he assures us that as long as he's young, Gavroche is thriving.
Montparnasse was one of these until he grew up to be a stylish and ruthless teenage thug. A Taste of the Lash: More a taste of the stick, but when Valjean thinks or talks about prison, stick blows will come up sooner or later as inevitable as the tides.
Almost half of the book is Hugo exposing directly his thoughts about the ills of society, history mostly the first half of the 19th centurythe struggle for democracy, and many other subjects.
Sometimes, there are no mentions of the main characters of the novel for a hundred pages. It is fortunate for the reader that Victor Hugo's thoughts are extremely interesting, well-written, and ahead of their time.Dowry refers to all the gifts and valuables which are given to a bride by her parents for starting her new life.
But this social custom has transformed itself to a social evil.
Rather than optional gifts, the groom side takes as their right to have dowry. Dowry System in India: Advantages and Disadvantages. Article shared by: Dowry system makes imbalance in the sex ratio: Despite rapid globalization, liberalization and privatisation dowry has become the greatest social evil today.
Both legislative and non – legislative measures are to be taken for the eradication of dowry practice. Hamlet Is Revenge Tragedy Or Not? - In this essay I will be writing about whether Hamlet is a revenge tragedy or not, I will have an introduction which will introduce the meaning of a revenge tragedy, then I will have a main body of text in which I will explain why Hamlet is a true revenge tragedy and finally I will have a conclusion.
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo.
Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from caninariojana.com Sometimes, it's not quite "love" but the lack thereof that drives a rejected suitor to serve the Big Bad for revenge. The object of their affections will probably think whatever damage they cause is All My Fault..
Sometimes, the person who will go to extreme, evil lengths for love is a villainous Stalker with a Crush who has no grasp of the true concept of love, and emulates it as best he can. What are the evil effects of Dowry system?
The term dowry refers to the gifts or movable property which a girl brings to her husband at marriage. Dowry system is a very old system. Now- a- days it has become a curse to.