Night over birkenau essay

Upon arrival at the camps, the masses of Jews were immediately sorted for death or slave labor.

Night over birkenau essay

History Background The ideology of Nazism brought together elements of antisemitismracial hygieneand eugenicsand combined them with pan-Germanism and territorial expansionism with the goal of obtaining more Lebensraum living space for the Germanic people.

Similar legislation soon deprived Jewish members of other professions of the right to practise. German Jews were subjected to violent attacks and boycotts.

Slave Labor Camps

These laws prohibited marriages between Jews and people of Germanic extraction, extramarital relations between Jews and Germans, and the employment of German women under the age of 45 as domestic servants in Jewish households.

Thus Jews and other minority groups were stripped of their German citizenship. This supplementary decree defined Gypsies as "enemies of the race-based state", the same category as Jews.

Night over birkenau essay

German dictator Adolf Hitler ordered that the Polish leadership and intelligentsia be destroyed. In addition to leaders of Polish society, the Nazis killed Jews, prostitutes, Romani, and the mentally ill. Initially the intention was to deport the Jews to points further east, or possibly to Madagascar.

Bach-Zelewski had been searching for a site to house prisoners in the Silesia region, as the local prisons were filled to capacity.

Auschwitz I, the original camp, became the administrative center for the whole complex. Some of the plans went forward, including the construction of several hundred apartments, but many were never fully implemented.

They were interned in the former building of the Polish Tobacco Monopoly, adjacent to the site, until the camp was ready. By March10, were imprisoned there, most of them Poles. South is at the top in this photo. Eyeglasses of victims The victories of Operation Barbarossa in the summer and fall of against Hitler's new enemy, the Soviet Union, led to dramatic changes in Nazi anti-Jewish ideology and the profile of prisoners brought to Auschwitz.

Plans called for the expansion of the camp first to houseand eventually as many asinmates. Unlike his predecessor, he was a competent and dynamic bureaucrat who, in spite of the ongoing war, carried out the construction deemed necessary.

Part VI - Holocaust Selected Readings, Photos, and Items of Interest

The Birkenau camp, the four crematoriaa new reception building, and hundreds of other buildings were planned and constructed. Bischoff's plans called for each barrack to have an occupancy of prisoners one-third of the space allotted in other Nazi concentration camps.

He later changed this to prisoners per barrack. The SS designed the barracks not so much to house people as to destroy them. It was operational by March He was given a demonstration of a mass killing using the gas chamber in Bunker 2 and toured the building site of the new IG Farben plant being constructed at the nearby town of Monowitz.

Crematorium II, which had been designed as a mortuary with morgues in the basement and ground-level incinerators, was converted into a killing factory by installing gas-tight doors, vents for the Zyklon B a highly lethal cyanide -based poison to be dropped into the chamber, and ventilation equipment to remove the gas thereafter.

Crematorium III was built using the same design. Crematoria IV and V, designed from the start as gassing centers, were also constructed that spring. By Juneall four crematoria were operational.

Most of the victims were killed using these four structures. Theresienstadt family camp and Gypsy camp Auschwitz A separate camp for Roma known as the Zigeunerfamilienlager Gypsy Family Camp was set up at Auschwitz II-Birkenau; unlike other arrivals, the Romani prisoners were not subject to selection and families were allowed to remain together.

Approximately 23, Gypsies had been brought to Auschwitz by20, of whom died there. On 2 Augustthe SS cleared the Gypsy camp; the surviving population estimated at 2, to 5, was then killed en masse in the gas chambers.Wiesel Quotes “Never shall I forget that first night in camp, which has turned my life into one long night, Never shall I forget that smoke.

Night over birkenau essay

Never shall I forget the little faces of the children, whose bodies I saw turned into wreaths of smoke beneath a silent blue sky.”Elie Wiesel, Night (original edition) “Not far from us, flames, huge flames, were rising from a ditch.

Night and Fog (French: Nuit et brouillard) is a French documentary short caninariojana.comed by Alain Resnais, it was made ten years after the liberation of Nazi concentration caninariojana.com title is taken from the notorious Nacht und Nebel (German for "Night and Fog") program of abductions and disappearances decreed by the Nazis on 7 December The documentary features the abandoned grounds of.

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The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus. Snowball. Orwell’s stint in a Trotskyist battalion in the Spanish Civil War—during which he first began plans for a critique of totalitarian communism—influenced his relatively positive portrayal of Snowball.

Night Over Birkenau (Poem by Tadeusz Borowski) - Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust