Quotations in research papers

When writing a text that includes sources, you need to quote the sources you are working with.

Quotations in research papers

Quotations in research papers

If you didn't think it up, tell the reader where you got it. Don't waste your quotations. On telling us where you got it This one is absolute: In the academic world, we call it plagiarism, and it's a quick trip to becoming a former student of this fine institution. Whether you are using a direct quotation or an indirect quotation, the text should make it clear to the careful reader when you stop talking and your source begins.

Yes, Wikipedia and About. If you needed the dictionary to learn the definition of "acclimate," don't cite it. The general rule which is difficult to implement is that you don't cite common knowledge. And what is common knowledge? It's information that most members of your target audience should know or have easy access to.

Yes even if you didn't know it—that information is available from dozens and dozens of sources. Is it common knowledge that he had lost the use of his legs because of polio?

Perhaps, though it wouldn't have been in Is it common knowledge that he was a "C" student at Harvard? You'd have to cite that one. Making the sandwich When you do a dropped quotation, you waste it.

A dropped quotation simply drops into the text without any introduction or discussion. You assume that the reader can figure out why it's there and what it contributes to the argument. Essentially, you're assigning the reader the task of explaining things, a job you should have done.

Here's an example of a dropped quote: Anybody in this world can be classified as having a computer addiction. It does not matter if you are white or black, poor or rich, female or male, smart or dumb you could have this problem. Many children become addicted to all the different kind of games on their computers.

Nowadays many children play on their computers instead of concentrating on their school work. A much better route is to make a sandwich of the quote: The introduction perhaps including a comment about why your source is worth listening to The quoted material itself whether it's a direct quote or an indirect The citation A discussion of the contribution this material made to your paper's argument Here's an example: Researchers from the Center for Urban Transportation Research surveyed research on the cell phone issue as of and concluded that there is "no nationally-accredited document to prove the connection between mobile phone use and traffic accidents" Alasdair and Burris.

Because research results have been so inconclusive, it makes sense to wait before passing laws that might well be unnecessary. If you make quotation sandwiches in your research papers, you will get three benefits: If you were ever tempted to follow the stupid and lazy strategy of "putting in the citations later" that's always a thin excuse for plagiarism when a paper comes without the citation apparatusthe sandwich will rescue you.

The computer addiction sample above is simply using the quote as a substitute for the student's own writing; if she had postponed doing citations, she could have missed that one altogether.

Actually doing something with the quote makes it stand out.

Quotations in research papers

If you have trouble writing short papers that just don't say enough, the quotation sandwich will give you legitimate content to flesh out your essay.

Because the purpose of most research papers goes beyond mere reporting of what you found and moves into interpreting the findings, the discussion section drives your paper toward its destination. The Citation Machinery Though there are several citation formats used in the University, two are extremely common: They share several characteristics: Citations within the text are very brief comments in parentheses.

A back page gives complete bibliographic material. Footnotes are for incidental comments, not for bibliography. Lots of help is available from grammar handbooks, online sources, English teachers, and library personnel. You don't have to invent things.

Someone has already figured out how to cite your source. On mixing and matching When you are doing research, you will run into several different citation styles in your source material.For example, papers analyzing literature may rely heavily on direct quotations of the text, while papers in the social sciences may have more paraphrasing, data, and statistics than quotations.

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, quotes have been tagged as research: Dan Brown: ‘Google' is not a synonym for 'research'.’, Ernest Cline: ‘You'd be amazed how much research you can.

INTEGRATING QUOTES AND PARAPHRASES IN RESEARCH PAPERS. Experienced writers mix paraphrase and short quotations (as Creedon does in the above example) because this is the best method to show your reader that you have done your research without the awkwardness of long quotes.

The parenthetical documentation. Quotations play a vital role in your research paper. But knowing how to use quotes appropriately is almost as important as using them in the first place.

An incorrectly placed quote or too many quotes at once can lessen the impact. Research Papers quotes - 1. Research is to see what everybody else has seen, and to think what nobody else has thought Read more quotes and sayings about Research Papers.

Quotations In Research Papers - Proclaimed the importance of explicit epistemic constructs, blame quotations in research papers for the latter in terms of education.

Quotations in Research Papers