The importance of youth athletics for child development

It also produces elite athletes to represent the nation. Sport development has 5 key aims. Sport development aims to reduce tension across communities by creating positive role models.

The importance of youth athletics for child development

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Table 3 shows that the means of the BMI of children participating in a sports club and children not participating in a sports club are comparable.

Children joining a sports club have on average also a significantly lower resting pulse rate Moreover, their parents rate their health significantly better Children performing sports in a club also perform generally better in school.

The difference between children engaging in sports versus children not engaging in sports amounts to Finally, physically active children score also significantly lower in the strength and difficulties questionnaire Moreover, children enrolled in a sports club report less antisocial behaviour.

Taken together, the raw differences draw a clear picture: Yet, these unconditional comparisons do not address the concern that differences may reflect sorting of children with a priori better conditions into clubs see for example Stattin and Kerr [ 32 ] for an extensive discussion on self-selection into leisure activities.

In fact, the background characteristics of the two groups show substantial differences see S1 Table.

Active children are older and taller; their parents are better educated, more likely to be working and to engage with their children; their families are more likely to belong to a better social class and to live in urban areas.

As the authors worked only with the anonymized data and were not involved in data collection, no additional IRB approval was required for this study.

Obviously, sports club participation may encompass a variety of activities and the effect of sports club participation may work through different mechanisms.

While distinguishing between the underlying mechanisms is beyond the scope of this paper, we devote some time discussing activities that come along with exercising sports in a club as well as counterfactual activities—the activities children spend less time on when participating in a sports club—in Section 5.

We therefore employ first a selection-on-observables strategy using the KiGGS data that eliminates differences in observable confounding factors. Second, we corroborate our results using the simulation-based approach by Ichino, Mealli and Nannicini [ 33 ], which assesses the sensitivity of our baseline matching estimates with respect to potentially missing confounders.

Third, we exploit the panel structure of the GCP. Before explaining the respective estimation methods, we discuss the identifying assumptions underlying the different empirical strategies. The main identifying assumption of the selection-on-observable strategy is the so-called Conditional Independence Assumption or No Confounding Assumption—henceforth CIA [ 34 ].

The CIA requires that potential outcomes the outcome that would be realized if a child were exposed to a particular treatment and treatment are independent conditional on a set of suitable observable characteristics.

The importance of youth athletics for child development

As will be explained later, we do so by matching treated children with untreated children who have the same observable characteristics. The following blocks of variables mean to proxy these three dimensions.

Furthermore we include a broad range of measures for parenting style, such as the enforcement of rules or how much family members care about each other.

NCYS - An Untiring Advocate for the Protection of Children

We supplement the latter variable block by information about how often the child brushes its teeth and whether the mother smoked during pregnancy.

As a consequence, we observe differences in the school infrastructure and curricula as well as in the public funding for sports mainly at the state level.

In addition, we use several measures of regional characteristics such as municipality size, availability of recreation areas, tax income of the municipality, employment structure and population development.

Controlling for these additional regional features allows us to address differences at the municipality level that go beyond differences in state regulations. Nevertheless, additional estimation strategies help us to provide further evidence for the robustness of our results.


In particular, we address potential concerns related to the cross-sectional character of the KiGGS data.Importance of Youth Sports: There are countless statistics linking a youth’s involvement in sport to both their emotional and physical health.

Research shows a child’s involvement in sport helps them to improve their social interaction, “When kept in proper perspective, inter- scholastic athletics allow kids to be kids. Young. TPSYCH Introduction to Psychology (5) I&S Surveys major areas of psychological science, including human social behavior, personality, psychological disorders and treatment, learning, memory, human development, biological influences, and research methods.

Related topics . "The National Alliance for Youth Sports, through their support of research on the issues of youth sports and the creation of programs such as the NAYS Coach Training, has given us a cornerstone onto which we build our program.

Lackawanna College is committed to providing opportunities for higher education to every prospective student, regardless of his or her socio-economic status or prior academic performance.

In terms of physical and health aspects of child and youth development, there is an overwhelming amount of evidence that focuses on the (mostly positive) effects of sport and exercise on physical health, growth and development.

Spartanburg - Always doing. The City of Spartanburg youth sports programs exist to help children in the development of positive life skills and self-concepts.

Sporting KC Youth Soccer - Sporting KC Youth